The Saffron Finch
|Reproduction:||May breed readily in captivity|
|Singing ability:||Hearty but repetitive|
|Compatibility:||Aggressive, mixes well with other aggressive species|
|Size:||6" (15.2 cm)|
|Approx. cost:||$100 (US) per pair|
Other common names
Brazilian Saffron Finch, Sparrow Finch, Yellow Finch
Area of distribution
Most of South America including: Netherlands Antilles, Colombia, Suriname, Argentina, Peru, Brazil, Venezuela, Paraguay, Uruguay, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Guyanas (also introduced to: Hawaii and Jamaica among other places).
These birds should be evaluated on an individual pair basis. They may be spiteful or intimidating to smaller, more passive species, although some pairs are fairly tolerant (if a large enough enclosure is provided). They may become more aggressive during breeding.
Black maxilla (upper beak), pale mandible (lower beak), greenish yellow back, yellow under parts, wing and tail feathers are black lined with yellow, dark pink legs. The cock often has an orange forehead while the hen often has more dark streaks.
The hen is more dull in color and her under parts are paler. She may appear to be similarly colored to a juvenile (being mostly gray with dark streaks). However, as the birds age their color tends to become more intense, so that older hens may appear brighter than cocks in their first adult plumage.
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Photos by Emily Hoyer:
(insects), greens, oats.
These birds are found in the open and semi-open lowland areas (grasslands and brushy areas) of South America. When breeding, they may build their own nests in tree hollows or may make use of abandoned Horneros' nests (a spherical, soccer-ball sized mud nest).
During the winter these birds live in flocks, and during Spring they pair off for breeding. They do not migrate.
Spring and Summer (in South America).
These species may breed in either an aviary or a cage. Being cavity nesters, they appear to prefer a half-open (6") budgerigar nest box.
|Clutch size:||3-5 eggs|
|Incubation:||Done by the hen|
|Hatch date:||After 12-14 days of incubation; chicks are fed by both parents|
|Fledge date:||At 14-17 days of age|
|Wean date:||4 weeks of age (remove as soon as they are independent)|
|First molt:||12-18 months of age|
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